Nutritional potential of poultry dropping meal as feed resources for ruminant production in Niger Delta, Nigeria
Authors: A.A Lamidi, T. Ogunkunle
Pages: 1-11, July 15, 2016
Daily generation, processing and nutritional potential of Poultry Dropping Meal (PDM) as unconventional feed resources for ruminant production in Niger Delta region, Nigeria was studied. Fresh poultry dropping were collected from 100 ISA Brown layers of 32 weeks old, housed in battery cages, polythene sheets were spread underneath daily. Collected poultry droppings were sun dried, unwanted particles were removed, the average poultry dropping produced/birds/day was determined. Also fresh poultry dropping were subjected to 4 different treatments, 3 replicates: T1 (Direct sun drying); T2 (Cooking before sun drying); T3 (Air drying) and T4 (Ensiling before sun drying) and samples were analyzed. Results showed no specific generation pattern of poultry dropping among the days, average of 7.77g PDM/bird/day. There was no significant (P>0.05) different in the dry matter (DM), ether extract (EE) and nitrogen free extract (NFE) of PDM treated with different methods. Significant (P<0.05) variation in the CP was recorded, T3 had highest significant (P<0.05) CP (26.10%), similar (P>0.05) CF were recorded for T1 and T3 but higher than T2 and T4, Organic matter (OM) is higher (P<0.05) in T3 (69.42%) and similar (P>0.05) to T1 (68.89%), T2 had least (54.68%) OM. Appreciable higher significant (P<0.05) content of ash is recorded in T2 followed by T4 which is similar (P>0.05) to T1 and T3. There was a significant (P<0.05) difference in mineral contents of the treatments, T2 had highest significant (P<0.05) content of Ca similar to T2. Air drying treatment (T3) of PDM is highly recommended among the treatments used in this study also Direct Sun drying can also be adopted. PDM has the nutritional potential to support ruminant animal production in Niger Delta, Nigeria.